Top 10 most intelligent animals
People used to consider themselves the smartest creature of the Earth. Despite his very weak physical abilities he directs the lion’s share of the land and makes attempts to “enslave” the World’s oceans. As for animals, their importance was diminished supposedly because of a lack of intelligence. But don’t underestimate the mental abilities of our younger brothers, because some of them are not so stupid as it seems at first glance
Let animals do not have sufficient intelligence to call them “reasonable”, but some of them definitely smarter and brighter than others. For example, pigs. They are easily trained, have excellent memory and demonstrate high results on tests of intelligence.
A certain level of intelligence seen in parrots, in particular — at Jaco. Yes, in most cases they simply repeat the sounds you hear without understanding their meanings, but this is due to lack of proper training. It is proved that they are able to associate words with objects they represent, and understanding the concept of shape, color, serial number.
Proteins are not only smart, but also cunning. They had learned that man is a source of food. Once you have fed the squirrel, it is likely that the next day she will be waiting for you at the same place, “learns” and will take food again. Pricemodel to take as much as will give the remains of food she hides, remembering “the hiding place”.
“Man’s best friend” — the dog — creature is very smart. With proper training she is able to understand 250 words and gestures, count to five, to perform simple mathematical operations. It is worth mentioning that the most intelligent breed of dogs — poodles.
Of course, this rating could not do without seals. Domestic cats are very smart — they are the main sign of intelligence is the ability to adapt. Moreover, if your cat does not perform the command that you taught her, it does not mean that she forgot. Rather, she simply does not want to do: the ability to say “no” — is also a sign of intelligence and willpower.
Mad about the ravens is legendary — these birds are able to do extraordinary things to get to food, for example, to crack a nut by placing it under the wheels of a vehicle, etc. When the scientists decided to test whether or not the crow has the intelligence, the bird started to give to drink water from a deep jug, which he could not get the beak. Subject crows smart enough to throw in a container of various objects, so that the water level rose. In General, these birds definitely will find a way out of any situation!
That’s who you hardly expected to see in this ranking, so it’s octopuses! These marine invertebrates are endowed with very impressive brain relative to body mass. They are trainable, have good memory, distinguish between geometric shapes, recognize people get used to who feeds them. Some mystics believe that the octopus is able to predict the future: that only is Saga with Paul, “football Oracle”.
Open the three “smartest” animals elephants. They recognize themselves in a mirror, that is a sign of self-consciousness, have excellent long-term memory and orientation on the terrain, know how to use the tools (for example, branches as the “flyswatters”), distinguish many sounds, and most importantly — very sensitive to the death of their fellows. These giants are able to draw conclusions and empathize!
Chimpanzees, especially the Bonobo is very smart creatures and are the closest relatives of humans in the animal world. Although chimpanzees can’t speak, due to the structure of the vocal apparatus, they are able to communicate by hand sign language, to use words in a figurative sense, to create new concepts by combining known words. They are capable of manufacturing tools (clean sticks from leaves, to sharpen sticks and stones) and have a sense of humor. If you put near the baby chimp and baby, 2 years intellectually, you will not find between them any difference (sometimes the chimp is even smarter).
Perhaps the most powerful intelligence among animals endowed with dolphins. And no wonder! The brain of a Dolphin weighs about 1,700 grams, and a man — 1400 g, while the Dolphin twice gyri in the cerebral cortex, than humans. According to recent scientific data, cognitive ethology and animal psychology dolphins not only have a “vocabulary” (to 14,000 audio signals), which allows them to communicate with each other, but also have self-awareness, “social consciousness” and emotional empathy. Moreover, each Dolphin has its own name, to which he responds, when he is asked relatives! Obviously, people are not the only “intelligent” creatures, except that much more aggressive.