How to care for a land turtle at home
Place Pets furry and feathered inhabitants of the home in our families, recent times is wild reptiles, including tortoises. The main difference from the usual vertebrate is cold-blooded, sluggishness, slowness. It should always be considered while caring for a terrestrial turtle in the home. A family of tortoises consists of 40 species. At home often contains the Central Asian tortoise (steppe) because of low cost and suitable for apartments size. This species is characterized by a rounded carapace dark olive, reddish or yellow-brown color with a length up to 25 cm In the wild they live in arid steppes of Central Asia, where they live up to 50 years.
With proper care the life in the home can be forty years. Despite the relatively cheap and easy care tortoises require careful attention. Them carefully need to look.
Care land turtle requires:
Proper maintenance of tortoises at home requires terrarium. It can be:
glass (like an aquarium);
The size it needs 2 – 3 times the size of the animal for a comfortable existence. The minimum size 60x40x40. For the turtle, 12 cm volume of the terrarium should be approximately 80 liters. Place the terrarium above the floor at a minimum height of 20 cm.
Important! Turtles can not tolerate drafts, so at home it is impossible to keep them on the floor where she can come or she can swallow debris from the floor.
Pour in the terrarium soil, layer thickness – 4 cm as the soil is suitable:
pebbles or stones, combine them with sawdust or hay. Choose smooth and flat stones. Pebbles should be the size of a little larger than the head of the dog.
Not suitable as a primer:
Care for the soil and cleaned it daily.
It is useful to place the cage in the tub as a pool for the turtle where it should be placed entirely. The water level is not more than half height of shell. Reptile needs to be able to climb and get out of the pool. There she will be happy to spend some of their time.
Proper care of a land turtle implies the constant presence of water in the terrarium. There should be a drinking bowl and a feeder. As feeders suitable flat plate, bowl or even a cover from banks. Do not place the feeder next to a lamp fill of food for 2 hours a day, then it needs to be clear.
The optimal temperature habitats of tortoises +20-30C. Winter reptiles need additional light. Highlights of her UV lamp. In pet stores you can choose a special bulb for terrariums. Suitable and conventional incandescent lamp. The lamp power is calculated as 1 watt per litre of aquarium system volume. Position it so that the light space is not heated above +32C and the tortoise could go into the shadows. Include a lamp morning and evening for 2 hours.
In the summer months the outside temperature is not below +20C pet, you can walk on the street. Do not forget to monitor closely the turtle, so she didn’t eat anything, was not injured. To avoid overheating, provide shelter from direct sunlight. Optimally, if the turtle is outside in a cage or in a bird cage.
Turtle at home requires a house where she can hide from the human eye or to hide from the sun. Pick up the shelter, the appropriate size of the reptile so that it could freely slide in and out of it. Ordinary flower pot or upturned box. Place the house in the terrarium.
The land turtle is an animal herbivore. Her diet should consist of plant foods 90% of animal — 10%. At home enough to chop green salad:
vegetables: carrots, cabbage.
Fruit suitable apples, you can also give a bit of berries, bran and sea Kale.
Feed your adult turtle every 2-3 days. More frequent feeding can cause problems with your digestive tract. Turtle under the age of 2 years should receive food on a daily basis. Animal food in the form of ground beef you want to add in animal food once a week.
Not suitable for feeding turtles:
peel of citrus
dry food for cats and dogs.
Proper care should include vitamin-mineral complexes and feeding, for example, reptile. Better to buy a vitamins in the powders — they allow not to be mistaken with the dosage. Calculate the appropriate dose according to instructions and pour into the feed once a week. You can simply put in terrarium a piece of chalk. If the reptile has a lack of calcium, it will begin to use it.
How to bathe and feed a land turtle
In addition to cleaning the terrarium, care for and monitor the cleanliness of the pet. To do this regularly (at least once a week) bathe your tortoise. Pour in a container of warm water (30-36C) up to 2/3 of the height of the animal. In water it is recommended to add the solution of chamomile. In the case of feces and change water.
Soap can be used only in case of heavy soiling and pet no more than once a week. You cannot use a brush to remove dirt. Use a soft sponge or cloth. Neck and head wash finger without exerting pressure on pet.
The optimal duration of the bath is 30 minutes. The turtle pulled them water, wipe it dry with a dry cloth and place it into the terrarium.
Attention! After bathing you cannot leave the pet on the floor, otherwise he’ll get cold.
While bathing the tortoise absorbs water through the skin. Immediately after purchasing is recommended at home to bathe your pet daily for one week to saturate it with water, and then go to weekly bathing.
Possible problems and diseases
Attentive care for a turtle extending her life at home and 40 years. Basic errors in care, reducing the life of your pet:
The contents on the floor when the animal is in the draft, it can occur, due to insufficient moisture to get dehydrated.
The use of an inappropriate soil for the terrarium.
Contact with other animals in the family is unacceptable.
Need a veterinarian examination to detect parasites and infections.
Overdose of vitamins can be deadly.
A common problem in turtles at home — the development of rickets. The main difficulty lies in the early identification of symptoms, clear signs of which are visible only at a late stage.
In rickets the bones are deformed, and the shell of the animal. The cause is usually a lack of calcium and vitamin D. If you notice the concavity or convexity of the carapace, swollen, red eyes pet, it means that the disease is for a long time.
To care for a turtle with signs of rickets with the use of medications prescribed by a specialist. Add in the diet of the reptile calcium, vitamin D and irradiate UV lamp. These same elements are necessary for the prevention of rickets.
The absence of treatment ends in death for the animal.
With proper sufficient care happy inhabitant of your apartment will delight you with communication for many years.